Introducing Tanzania

Back to Africa today, though this time we’re going further south, to the United Republic of Tanzania!


Tanzania is on the East coast of Africa on the Indian Ocean, below the “horn”, and just below the equator, and also includes some small islands in the Indian Ocean. Tanzania is the largest country in East Africa, and shares borders with Mozambique to the south, Malawi and Zambia to the south-west, Democratic Republic of Congo, Burundi and Rwanda to the west, and Uganda and Kenya to the North.

The capital seems to be a matter of some confusion on the internets. Wikipedia says the capital is Dodoma, CIA says it is Dar Es Salaam, but that it might be moved to Dodoma.

There it is!

People and Economy

  • Population: 41,048,532
  • Median Age: 18.3 (that’s very young –  43% of people in Tanzania are under 15 years old).
  • Birth Rate: 4.31 children born per woman.
  • Life expectancy at birth: 52 years
  • Religions: mainland – Christian 30%, Muslim 35%, indigenous beliefs 35%; Zanzibar – more than 99% Muslim
  • Ethnic Groups: mainland – African 99% (of which 95% are Bantu consisting of more than 130 tribes), other 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab); Zanzibar – Arab, African, mixed Arab and African
  • Health issues: Tanzania has the 12th highest HIV prevalence among adults, by percentage of population. They also have a high infection rate of other infectious diseases, such as malaria, typhoid, Hepatitis A and others.
  • Literacy: 77.5% of men and 62.2% of women are literate in one or more of the official languages (Swahili, English, Arabic).
  • GDP per Capita: $1,400
  • Distribution of income, Gini Index (Indicates sharing of wealth. 0 would be perfectly equal, 100 would be perfectly inequal): 34.6, which means they are slightly more equal than New Zealand, and slightly less equal than the UK.

Other stuff

  • The highest point in Africa, Mount Kilimanjaro, is in the north of Tanzania.
  • Gombe National Park in the west of Tanzania is where Jane Goodall studied Chimpanzee behaviour.
  • The flag of Tanzania looks like this:

You can find information about Tanzania here:


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